Mandibular Nerve Block : Gow-Gates Technique. Brawijaya University, Indonesia.

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Pocket Atlas of Oral Diseases

Based on the best-selling hardcover edition, the new edition of the Pocket Atlas of Oral Diseases provides complete information on the diagnosis and treatment of oral disease. Featuring 367 vivid color photographs, this Thieme Flexibook is the indispensable pocket reference for otolaryngologists, dentists, dermatologists and primary care practitioners.

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Ross and Wilson Anatomy and Physiology in Health and Illness

This long established best-selling text meets the needs of a wide range of health care professionals including nurses, nursing students, students of allied health professions and complementary therapies, paramedics and ambulance technicians. The purpose of the book is reflected in its title," Anatomy and Physiology in Health and Illness". The text is written in straightforward language and is complemented by extensive clear, full-colour illustrations. Each chapter provides an explanation of: the normal structure and functions of the human body what occurs when disease or illness disrupts the normal processes. Previous edition is the winner of The Bookseller's Best-sellers Award for an Academic Title. "Ross and Wilson Anatomy and Physiology in Health and Illness, 9th edition" was the best-selling academic title through bookshops in 2005.

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Netter : Atlas of Human Anatomy, 6th Edition

The gold standard of excellence for 25 years, Frank H. Netter, MD's Atlas of Human Anatomy offers unsurpassed depictions of the human body in clear, brilliant detail - all from a clinician's perspective. With its emphasis on anatomic relationships and clinically relevant views, Dr. Netter's work provides a coherent, lasting visual vocabulary for understanding anatomy and how it applies to medicine today.
  • View anatomy from a clinical perspective with hundreds of exquisite, hand-painted illustrations created by pre-eminent medical illustrator Frank H. Netter, MD.
  • Join the global community of medical and healthcare students and professionals who rely on Netter to optimize learning and clarify even the most difficult aspects of human anatomy. Comprehensive labeling uses the international anatomic standard terminology, Terminologia Anatomica, and every aspect of the Atlas is reviewed and overseen by clinical anatomy and anatomy education experts.
  • Explore additional unique perspectives of difficult-to-visualize anatomy through all-new paintings by Dr. Carlos Machado, including breast lymph drainage; the pterygopalantine fossa; the middle ear; the path of the internal carotid artery; and the posterior knee, plus additional new plates on arteries of the limbs and new radiologic images.
  • Master challenging structures with visual region-by-region coverage -- including Muscle Table appendices at the end of each Section.
  • Student Consult access includes a suite of interactive tools and guides, including selected images formatted as self-testing exercises; dissection videos; multiple choice questions; illustrated axial cross-sections and scroll-throughs; Key Point Anatomy Guides; additional plates from previous editions; and more.

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Tooth Decay May Prohibit Growth in Children

Tooth decay may be even worse than originally thought.

A new study suggests that tooth decay may push back growth in children. The study appeared in the online version of Pediatrics journal and was conducted at University College London and King Fahad Armed Forces Hospital in Saudi Arabia.

The research team wanted to explore the relationship between oral health and growth after previous studies failed to show definitive evidence one way or the other. In this study, the researchers looked at the dental decay and the correlation between height and weight in Saudi Arabian children ages 6 through 8.

The oral health of the children was graded on the DMFT scale, which is a scale that determines the seriousness of decayed, missing and filled teeth.

The research team later analyzed the statistics and concluded that there was, in fact, a relationship between low height/weight and a greater number of cavities. Children with severe decay had a higher chance of being underweight and shorter when compared to their peers.

Even when some secondary factors, like demographics and social values, were factored in, the correlation between decay and stunted growth still existed. Based on this study, it’s fair to say there is an inverse relationship between growth and tooth decay in children. More research is necessary to confirm this study’s findings.

Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry 4th

The new edition of this best-selling pocket guide covers the whole of clinical dentistry in a concise format. The authors have distilled the essentials of clinical practice into a readily accessible style with blank pages provided for readers to add their own notes. This edition has been completely revised with a wealth of new information including web-based learning and useful websites, more diagrams and full color clinical pictures.

New material has been included on recent restorative techniques; practice management; the latest developments in therapeutics; orthodontics; paediatric dentistry; life support algorithms; bisphosphonates and dentistry; plus an expanded section of useful websites.

This new edition is now in full color throughout with more images and many new diagrams.

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The Easy Way to Remembering Tooth Eruption Dates

Is it that time again when you have to remember your tooth eruption dates for your dental exams? Or are you a curious parent wondering whether your child’s tooth is delayed?

Fear not as there will be information for both of you. Tooth eruption dates can make your head spin if you do not have a proper system to remembering them. Fortunately there is an easy way for both deciduous teeth (Baby teeth) and permanent teeth (Adult teeth). For deciduous teeth it is called the “4 plus rule” and the “lower before upper rule”. The “4 plus rule” is shown below:

Deciduous Teeth Eruption Dates

First Incisor (a) 7 months
Second Incisor (b) 11 months
First Molar (d) 15 months
Canine (c) 19 months
Second Molar 23 months
As you can see it is pretty simple. You start from 7 months and add 4 to get the next eruption date and you keep adding 4. There is a slight twist that the first deciduous molar comes before the deciduous canine but no biggie. The “lower before upper rule” is exactly that the lower teeth erupt usually 1-2 months before the upper teeth. Simple.

For permanent teeth it is slightly more complex. This time it is the “3 plus rule” and again the “lower before upper rule”. The 3 plus rule is shown below:

Permanent Teeth Eruption Dates

First Molar (6), First Incisor (1) and Second Incisor (2) 6-9 Years old
Canine (3), First Premolar (4), Second Premolar (5) 9-12 Years old
Second Molar (7) 12 Years old
Wisdom Tooth (8) 18 Years old
So the order of eruption goes – First Molar (6), Central Incisor (1), Lateral Incisor (2) between 6-9 years old erupting in that order. Now here is the complex bit, the upper teeth do a different order to the lower teeth. The upper teeth go: First Premolar (4), Second Premolar (5), Canine (3) and the lower teeth go: Canine (3), First Premolar (4) and Second Premolar (5) from the ages between 9-12 years old. Then the really simple second molar at 12 years old, a gap at 15 years old and the wisdom tooth at 18 years old. Then done! Phew!

Tooth eruption dates do vary from child to child so give each of these dates a leeway of 6 months before raising the alarm with your dentist. The other warning sign is if your child’s teeth are asymmetrical and are developing over to one side. Always seek a clinician’s advice if you are worried.

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